You are not alone

image40

Trauma

EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing)  is a  comprehensive, integrative psychotherapy approach. It contains elements  of many effective psychotherapies in structured protocols that are  designed to maximize treatment effects. These include psychodynamic,  cognitive behavioral, interpersonal, experiential, and body-centered  therapies.  When a traumatic or very negative event occurs, information  processing may be incomplete, perhaps because strong negative feelings  or dissociation interfere with information processing. This prevents the  forging of connections with more adaptive information that is held in  other memory networks.  When the individual thinks about the trauma, or  when the memory is triggered by similar situations, the person may feel  like he or she is reliving it, or may experience strong emotions and  physical sensations. A prime example is the intrusive thoughts,  emotional disturbance, and negative self-referencing beliefs of  posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). 

image41

Addiction

Addiction is the continued repetition of a behavior despite adverse  consequences, or a neurological impairment leading to such behaviors.  Addictions can include, but are not limited to: drug abuse, alcohol,  exercise, food, computer, and gambling. Classic hallmarks of addiction  include impaired control over substances or behavior, preoccupation with  substance or behavior, continued use despite consequences, and denial.  Habits and patterns associated with addiction are typically  characterized by deriving immediate gratification (short-term reward)  with little or no thought to the long-term costs of the behavior.  Physiological dependence occurs when the body has to adjust to the  substance by incorporating the substance into its normal functioning.   

image42

Grief

Any loss can shake our foundation and cause disruption to our daily  lives.  It's natural and normal to go through a period of mourning when  suffering a loss of a loved one, a marriage, or even a job.  Grieving is  a personal and highly individual experience. How one grieves depends on  many factors, including personality and coping style, life experience,  faith, and the nature of the loss. The grieving process takes time and  healing happens gradually. There is no 'normal' timetable for  grieving. Yet, it's important to continue to move through the grieving  process and not get stuck in the pain of the grief you are  experiencing.